A research proposal presents a summary of your proposed research. The research proposal captures the main components of your proposed research. It contains important aspects of your research such as research questions, the background to your study, and the statement of the problem. This article is meant to explore the main aspects of a research proposal as follows:
• Chapter one-This chapter has an introduction to the proposed research, the statement of the problem, research questions, the purpose of your research, the significance of your study, definitions of terms, assumptions, limitations and theoretical framework.
• Chapter two-This chapter contains a literature review related to your research area. You need to evaluate what other scholars say about your proposed topic. You also need to establish gaps in the previous researches done on that particular topic.
• Chapter three-This chapter describes your research methodology. At the introduction of chapter three, you need to restate the research questions and the problem. In this chapter, you need to introduce the hypothesis that you have formulated for your research. Chapter three has research design, population size, sample size, study area, data collection instruments, and an explanation on how you will collect and analyse data. You also need to highlight on reliability and validity of your study. Finally, in this chapter, it is important that you give a brief description of your research ethics.
Key areas of a research proposal include the following
• Title-The title is short and descriptive. The title should capture the independent and dependent variables. The title should be informative and interesting to capture the attention of readers.
• Abstract-This is a summary of what your research proposal is all about. The abstract contains the theme of your study, research questions, your study’s rationale, research hypothesis, and methodology.
• Introduction- The aim of the introduction is to offer the background of your study problem. In summary, the introduction should capture the purpose of your study, offer context and study questions of your study, provide the rationale of your study, explain the main issues that your study will address, indicate the dependent and independent variables, establish the hypothesis or theory, offer delimitations or boundaries for your study, and provide definitions of key terms and concepts.
• Literature Review-The Literature review section serves various purposes. These include: demonstrating your ability to critically review existing literature, acknowledging those who have set the ground for your study, providing your understanding of your research problem, demonstration of your understanding of the theoretical framework, offer new theoretical perspectives within your research area and provide evidence that your research will be of many contributions to the existing literature.
• Methodology-This section provides your research design. The methodology section tells your readers on how you intend to answer your research questions. It is important to provide a background on the various methods that we have and why you have chosen that particular one. You can either choose qualitative or quantitative or mixed methods. You need to justify why you have chosen a specific method.
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